Displaying items 11-20 from a total of 187 item(s).
by Dr Abdul Karim | Published on 9/13/2010
Budget is not just a book-keeping exercise for recording government receipts and expenditure. It is a significant instrument of economic management and has important basic functions of stabilisation, allocation, distribution and resolution of conflict.
by Muhammad Ashraf | Published on 4/28/2010
Value-added Tax (VAT), or GST in VAT mode is usually implemented in robust/sustained economies but fortunately (or rather unfortunately ) these days Pakistan has become an economic laboratory of IMF which is in the process of experimenting with the effects of implementing VAT in a country passing through recessionary period.
by Andy Denka | Published on 4/20/2010
The recession has put managers to the test in ways they likely had not experienced in the past. Often, choices were made to reduce costs that weren't planned out as strategically as they would have been in other times, and companies already are beginning to regret some decisions that were made too quickly.
by Shahid Kardar | Published on 3/22/2010
Around 70 per cent of the world’s population now lives in countries with a value-added tax (VAT) which is essentially an alternative method of collecting what most people would readily understand as a sales tax. The acceptance of a value-added type of tax as a revenue instrument is largely based on the fact that it has raised more revenue than the sales/turnover tax it replaced.
by Mohiuddin Aazim | Published on 3/15/2010
The federal government intends to introduce value-added tax from July 1, at a proposed flat rate of 15 per cent. The VAT will replace general sales tax in most cases and bring into the tax net some hitherto untaxed classes of retailers and suppliers. Meanwhile, businessmen are voicing their concerns over the manner in which the VAT is being introduced.
by Salman Ahmed Shaikh | Published on 2/20/2010
Islamic finance has been criticized by some circles for using conventional benchmarks in pricing products, using more or less the same product structure and predominantly using debt based modes of financing. This research article takes an alternative approach and goes beyond practiced Islamic finance to suggest an alternative financial framework.
by M.Iqbal Patel | Published on 2/6/2010
Islamic economic system is rooted in the values and principles to solve the economic problems of mankind from a moral and socially responsible perspective. It integrates economics with ethics so that efficiency and equity become elements of a composite reality.
by Muhammad Arshad | Published on 1/25/2010
Businessmen and the legal fraternity dealing with taxation matters are pleased with the change in the attitude of the Federal Board of Revenue for creating more transparency and clarity for better tax compliance. Circular No.13 of 2008 dealing with Workers Welfare Fund can be quoted as an example.
by Hasaan Khawar | Published on 12/7/2009
The importance of venture capital (VC) for business growth is critical, as the VC funding is available to nascent companies with little financial wherewithal and no track record but strong products or services and innovative business models. Such funding helps these early-stage companies to grow beyond a certain level and also bring in innovation into the overall business landscape.
by Mohiuddin Aazim | Published on 9/19/2009
Islamic banking remained least affected by the global financial crisis. It experienced some problems only after this crisis had snowballed into a recession in developed economies affecting growth prospects of Pakistan and other developing countries.