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Ethics in Financial Reporting
11-02-2011, 08:47 PM
Post: #1
Ethics in Financial Reporting
Accounting Ethics or Ethics in Financial Reporting is a serious issue in accounting. Different persons have different opinions regarding right and wrong about any situations or facts.


For example, an unethical work will seem unfair to anybody but this unethical work may seems fair to another one. In some companies business managers could find themselves in such positions where they feel stress to go against their personal ethics. For example, in ABC Company the manager of utility section is accused for charging too much from customers, the purpose for doing the unfair means to rapidly achieve company goals and earn bonuses. If the moral principles will prevent the manager to do so then the principles is referred as ethics of business. In spite of having difference views among individuals, a right ethical manner will conduct a behavior which will imply the impact of one’s roles to society. An ethical manner will help a person go in the right way in the both personal and professional life. A manufacturer of any transport company may unable to solve the defect in order to save costs but this may lead the company to lose sales. The employees of any business enterprise should operate their business within an ethical framework. Although this ethical framework is basically based on individual experiences and training but this ethical framework could be applicable for any business. There are a number of principles which form the basis for ethical behavior to apply in any business.

Since the 1920s the financial press has been occupied with the accounting scandals of Enron, WorldCom, HealthSouth, AIG, and others. For these scandals of financial reporting or accounting the mistrust of financial reporting are raging. Ethical considerations could affect everything that an accountant does in the company. Investors and creditors require appropriate and reliable information about a company for making their decision. It influence the both the investment decision ant credit decision. As the investor think that these financial Information would have no credibility or the financial reports have not fairly presented. A well-functioning economy basically depends on accurate and faithful financial reporting. To present the reliable financial information for the public, the SEC requires companies to have their financial statements audited by independent accountants’. Regulators and lawmakers of United States were very concerned that the economy of the country would suffer, if investors lost confidence in corporate accounting and reluctant to invest because of unethical financial reporting. In order to overcome this situation, in the United States Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, SOX whose aim is to reduce unethical corporate behavior in the business and decrease the likelihood of future corporate scandals. For implementing this act of SOX, top management becomes aware about the accuracy of financial information. These acts also lead some severe penalties some if the management is associated with unfair means in the business or for preparing fake financial activity. The act of SOX also encourages the involvement of the independence of the outside auditors. The external auditors evaluate the accurateness of financial statements and increased responsibility of boards of directors in their oversight role. The standards of conduct which judge or evaluate one’s actions whether it is wrong or right, honest or dishonest, fair or not fair, are termed as ethics. An Effective financial reporting is prepared on the basis proper ethical behavior.

It will be beneficiary to apply the three below steps in the various respect o business as well personal life.

* 1. Identifying an ethical situation and the ethical issues involved with the business is an effective step for applying the ethics. An accountant should employ personal ethics in order to identify ethical situations and issues. Some businesses and professional companies have their own written codes of ethics which is provided for guiding the accountants in some business situations.
* 2. Recognizing and investigating the principal elements in those business situations is the next step for conducting the proper ethics. Then the accountant should identify the persons who may be harmed or benefited from the situation and make them aware about their responsibilities and obligations that are correlated with the business.
* 3. Specifying the alternative way and consider the impact of each alternative with their consequences on various stakeholders is the last approach. Sometimes there may be one right answer or other situations may demand more than one right solution. These business situations require an evaluation of each and a selection of the best alternative.
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06-17-2014, 02:00 AM
Post: #2
RE: Ethics in Financial Reporting
three steps is to be followed in this mainly:
1.Identifying an ethical situation
2.Recognizing and investigating the principal elements in those business situations
3.Specifying the alternative way and consider the impact of each alternative with their consequences on various stakeholders
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