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Should You Upgrade to Microsoft Office 2003?

Each time Microsoft introduces a major product upgrade, users ask whether they should invest the time and money in it. With the launch of Microsoft Office 2003 System last October, the question has taken on more significance than for most earlier upgrades because the company improved some functions and added some new ones. So the decision depends on how important those improved and new features are to the way you use Office—and even more important, how you want to use it in the future.

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Three Pillars of Investment Budget

Nowadays, the bang of the concept of investment budget is heard from almost each and every corner of governmental and private circles in respect of federal budget for 2004-2005. Suggestions are appearing in almost every day’s newspaper for the consideration of strategic and tactical level economic managers.

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Tackling Financial Accounting/Reporting Exam

Financial Accounting/Reporting is the integral part and parcel of the syllabus of almost all the accounting bodies around the globe. Syllabus of accounting bodies normally involves at least two papers while some have three papers on this subject matter. The number of papers in the qualification is dependent on the organization of the syllabus.

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Make Excel a Little Smarter

Excel is a very smart application, but—and it’s a very big but—there are times it acts pretty dumb. However, it’s not hard to teach it to perform some very useful functions, and that’s what this article is all about—making Excel smarter.

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Taxonomy of Section 236

Income tax law is the most commonly misunderstood piece of legislation not even by the taxpayers’ but also by the revenue authority itself. The perception of a taxpayer regarding meeting revenue targets entails the fact that it is confiscating their wealth. This approach flows from the lack of any provision of facilities for taxpayers’ and complexity of law which is sometimes compounded by the amendments brought through the finance acts year to year.

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Sales Tax Laws – Technical and Other Lacunas

Sales Tax was a provincial subject at the time of partition. It was being administered in the provinces of Punjab and Sind as provincial levy. Sales Tax was declared a federal subject in 1948 through the enactment of General Sales Tax Act 1948. In 1952 this levy was transferred permanently to the Central Government and was being levied at the standard rate of 6 pies per rupee at every stage whenever a sale was effected.

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Tackling Taxation Paper

Students of Professional bodies often find it difficult to attempt the paper while the rest seem to take the paper lightly. The successful candidates have developed different theories while the failures propagate a different notion. Although, almost all the accounting bodies are sticking up to one theory – Increase the number of members without comprising over the quality of the qualified members.

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Selecting sources of finance for business

This article considers the practical issues facing a business when selecting appropriate sources of finance. It does not consider the theoretical aspects of such decisions. Nor does it provide detailed descriptions of various sources of finance. These are well covered in manuals and textbooks of nearly all certifications.

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Tax Year and Tax Rates

Professional accountants like members of ACCA, PIPFA, ICAP and ICMAP are aware of the concept of financial year in financial accounting. The concept of matching and accrual revolves around the concept of financial year. The concept of financial year is helpful in ascertaining the accounting profit and loss of a business entity and in order to make a sheet of paper balanced that is, balance sheet.

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